Navratri: 9 Avatars of Maa Durga and Foods, Colours and Mantras for Respective Avatars

Navratri: 9 Avatars of Maa Durga and Foods, Colours and Mantras for Respective Avatars

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Navaratri is a festival dedicated to the worship of the Hindu deity Durga. The word Navaratri means ‘nine nights’ in Sanskrit,nava meaning nine and ratri meaning nights. During these nine nights and ten days, nine forms of Devi are worshipped. The tenth day is commonly referred to as Vijayadashami or “Dussehra” (also spelled Dasera). Navaratri is an important major festival and is celebrated all over India and Nepal. Though there are in total five types of Navaratri that come in a year, Sharad Navaratri, in 2016 it falls in between October 1 to october 10, is the most popular one. Hence, the term Navaratri is being used for Sharada Navaratri here.

Each of nine avatars of goddess Maa Durga are worshipped on each day of Navratri. Let’s discuss about all these 9 Avatars of Maa Durga, favourite colours, bhog (food) to be offered and mantras to chant in brief.

First Day of Navratri

Devotees worship Devi Shailputri, the first avatar of Maa Durga. “Shail” means mountain and “putri” means daughter. Hence, she is called Shailputri – the daughter of mountain. Devi Shailputri, an absolute form of Mother Nature, is worshipped on the first day of Navratri. Her glory is incredible. She is the Goddess of purity. With her veneration, Navratri is given an auspicious start. She is also a form of Mother Nature (Prakriti). Worshiping this Goddess on the first day of Navratri Pooja, devotees enters in Moolchakra. On the first day of Navratri, devotees place enters in Moolchakra and worship Goddess Shailputri to establish dedication keeping Mooladhar in mind, and commence Durga pooja auspiciously.

Colour to wear: Grey and Orange.
Bhog (food): Ghee is offered to Devi Shailputri.
Mantra to chant:
Vande Vanchhitalabhay chandrardhakritshekharam |
Vrisharudham Shooldharam Shailputreem Yashasvineem ||

Second Day of Navratri

Devi Brahmacharini is second beautiful form of Goddess Durga who is Worshiped on the second day of Navratri. As her name denotes ‘Brahmacharini’, she addresses ‘Brahma’ (penance) or strong influencing tapasya. She is symbolized as the Goddess who performs Tapa or hard penance.

On the second auspicious day of Navratri Pooja, Durga devotees worship Brahmacharini devi to acquire power of abstaining food and water till nine days of fasting. They chant mantras and offer Stuti (invocation) to Devi Brahmacharini to get her immense blessings and grace. By heartily worshipping Goddess Brahmacharini, devotees can enhance their metabolism, stamina and can live without meals without much effect on health.

Colour to wear: White.
Bhog (food): Sugar is offered to Devi Brahmacharini.
Mantra to chant:
Dadhana Karpadma abhyamaksh Mala kamandalu|
Devi Prasidatu Mayi Brahmacharinya Nuttama ||

Third Day of Navratri

Another form of Goddess Durga is Devi Chandraghanta who is Worshiped on the third day of Navratri Pooja. Worshiping Goddess Chandraghanta on the third day of Navratri has a great significance. By offering prayers to this Goddess, the sadhak (devotee) can feel the astounding glimpse of divine things of the Universe, can hear the mesmerizing varied echoes and can immerse oneself in the depth of heavenly feelings.

Delightful worship of this Goddess certainly removes sin and obstacles from the life of Durga devotees. Devi Chandraghanta is the remover of sufferings. With grace of this Goddess, any kind of misery or affliction in life quickly gets healed. She destroys devil obstacles from life of her adorers. She makes her devotees Nirbhay (courageous) and Parakrami (mighty). Grace of Goddess Chandraghanta certainly makes her worshippers spirited and fearless.

Colour to wear: Red
Bhog (food): Milk/ sweets prepared from milk/ kheer are offered Devi Chandraghanta.
Mantra to chant:
Pindaj Pravara Rudha Chand Kopastra Keyurta |
Prasadam Tanute Maham Chandra Ghanteti Vishruta ||

Fourth Day of Navratri

Devi Kushmanda is the fourth avatar of Goddess Durga. On the fourth day of Navratri Pooja, worship of Devi Kushmanda is performed giving her whole reverence. The word kushmanda denotes word ‘ku’ ‘ushma’ and ‘anda’. The first word ‘ku’ means little, ‘ushma’ means warmth and ‘anda’ is denoted for egg. She creates the whole universe as a little cosmic egg. She bestows brightness, clarity and profound peace to her adorers. Her gleam is eternal. Illumination that we see around ten directions is only because of her spark and divine luster.

Worshippers of this Goddess certainly obtain cosmic energy that enhances their positive aura. Positive reflection makes the person glorified in society. With blessings of Devi Kushmanda, devotees can achieve name, fame and other comforts of life.

Colour to wear: Blue
Bhog (food): Malpua is offered to Devi Kushmanda
Mantra to chant:
Sura Sampurna Kalasham Rudhira Plutmev Cha |
Dadhana Hastpad Mabhyam Kushmanda Shubh Dastu Me ||

Fifth Day of Navaratri

Devi Skanda mata is the fifth avatar of Maa Durga. On the blessed fifth day of Navratri Pooja, Skanda mata is worshipped. Worshippers offer great reverence to mother Skanda on fifth day of Durga Pooja. Skanda is the name given to Kumar Kartikey. Goddess Parvati is mother of Kartikey and thus revered with name ‘Skanda mata’. Being the mother of powerful deity Kumar Kartikey, mother Parvati is glorified with name ‘Skanda Mata’. She is the true Goddess of endurance.

Worshiping mother Skand on auspicious fifth day of Navratra, devotees experience and realize the immense peace and pleasure in soul and mind. They become entirely free from meaningless anxieties of life and enjoy the divine happiness endowed by mother Skanda.

Colour to wear: Yellow
Bhog (food): Banana is offered to Devi Skanda mata.
Mantra to chant:
Sinhasan Gata Nitayam Padmashrit Kardvaya |
Shubhdastu Sada Devi Skanda Mata Yashashvini ||

Sixth Day of Navratri

Devi Katyayini is the sixth avatar of Maa Durga and one of the prominent deities among Navdurga. She is grandly Worshiped on the sixth day of Navratri pooja. Delightful Devi Katyayini bestows copious fruitful results to her devotees. On the auspicious sixth day of Navratri Pooja, devotees grandly perform Pooja and offer customs, rituals to this divine Goddess. It is also believed that while worshipping Devi Katyayini on the Shashti (sixth day) of Durga Pooja, devotees feel presence of Agya Chakra in their mind and soul. Agya Chakra shows the light to devotees to completely sacrifice everything for Goddess Katyayini.

Through this Chakra, devotees get influenced for Sampurna Atmadan (Absolute self-sacrifice) at asylum of devi Katyayini. The feeling of absolute self-sacrifice wins heart of this divine Devi and she accomplishes true desires of her devotees. Her regular devotees certainly get eminent position on earth.

Colour to wear: Green.
Bhog (food): Honey is offered to Devi Katyayini.
Mantra to chant:
Chandra Hasojvalakara Shardul Var Vahna |
Katyayini Shubham Dadhya Devi Dan Vaghatini ||

Seventh Day of Navratri

Devi Kalratri is the seventh avatar of Maa Durga and Worshiped among Navdurga. She is believed to be the most violent Devi among Navdurga. She has dark krishna (black) complexion and her appearance is extremely fearful. She is also glorified with name ‘Kali Maa’. Her splendor is limitless. She removes any kind of fear in life. During seventh day of Navaratri, Sadhak or devotee enters in Sahastrar chakra. After immersing oneself in Sahastrar Chakra, devotees are able to see the entrance of getting complete perfection in Universe.

However, appearance of Maa Kalratri is so dreadful, but her grace is generous toward devotees. Worshipping Maa Kalaratri on the seventh day gives abundant fruitful result. With her grace, devotees get power, position and eminent status on earth. She protects her devotees against evil influence of demons and wrong people. Worshiping her devotees get complete protection and long life.

Colour to wear: Peacock Green.
Bhog (food): Jaggery (Gur) is offered to Devi Kalratri.
Mantra to chant:
Ekveni Japakarnapura Nagna Kharastitha |
Lamboshthi Karnikakarni Tailabhyakta Sharirani ||
Vaampadolla Salloh Lata Kanthak Bhushna |
Vardhan Murdha Dhvaja Krishna Kalratri Bhayankari ||

Eight Day of Navratri

Goddess Maha Gauri is eighth form of Devi Durga and one of the graceful Goddesses among Nav Durga. She is majestically Worshiped on eighth day of Navratri Pooja. Her beauty glows like gleam of white Pearl. She denotes peace and endurance. Worshipping Goddess Maha Gauri during eighth day of Navratri is immensely fruitful. With her grace, the entire dirt and dark scrum of soul get washed. She cleans dregs from heart of her worshippers and makes them pious. Offering invocation to this almighty makes worshipper sacred.

She influences mankind toward path of truth and purity. Illumination of her grace is infinite. She is the true Goddess of generosity and morality. Adhering toward her faith, devotees start believing on honesty, loyalty and life-long relationship. Observing fast and worshipping Goddess Mahagauri on the eight day of Navratri Pooja is immensely fruitful, especially for unmarried girls and married woman.

Colour to wear: Purple.
Bhog (food): Coconut is offered to Goddess Maha Gauri.
Mantra to chant:
Shwete Vrishe Maha Rudha Shwetambardhara Shuchih |
Maha Gauri Subham Dadhyanmahadev Pramodada ||

Ninth Day of Navratri

Devi Siddhidatri is the ninth manifestation of Shakti and is greatly worshipped among Nav Durga. On the final day of Navratri pooja, worshippers and devotees of Durga wonderfully pay homage to Goddess Siddhidatri. This Goddess is revered to offer all types of Siddhi (perfection) to her devotees and thus glorified with name ‘Siddhidatri’. On the ninth day of Navratri Pooja, Kanya Poojan is also performed with grand touch. Little girls are offered homage and feed with blessed meals. Yagya, Maha Pooja and other grand celebrations are also performed to delight Nav Durga on this day.

Worshippers can accomplishe any kind of desire by just worshipping Devi Siddhidatri on the auspicious final day of Navratri. Her glory is boundless. She is said to be very generous for all mankind and animals on earth. Devi Siddhidatri is truly one of the most glorious aspects of Navdurga. With her grace, all wishes are fulfilled.

Colour to wear: Sky Blue and Pink.
Bhog (food): Til (sesame seeds) is offered to Devi Siddhidatri.
Mantra to chant:
Sidhha Gandharvay khshadher Surair Marair Api |
Sevya Mana Sada Bhooyat Siddhida Siddhidayini ||

Happy Navratri 2016!

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